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  • Internationalization (i18n)

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    The W3C Internationalization (I18n) Activity works with W3C working groups and liaises with other organizations to make it possible to use Web technologies with different languages, scripts, and cultures. From this page you can find articles and other resources about Web internationalization, and information about the groups that make up the Activity. Read also about the opportunities to participate and fund work via the new Sponsorship Program.

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    First Public Working Draft, “Strings on the Web: Language and Direction Metadata “

    A First Public Working Draft of Strings on the Web: Language and Direction Metadata was published.

    This document describes practices for identifying language and base direction for strings used on the Web. It was developed as a result of observations by the Internationalization Working Group over a series of specification reviews related to formats based on JSON, WebIDL, and other non-markup data languages. Unlike markup formats, such as XML, these data languages generally do not provide extensible attributes and were not conceived with built-in language or direction metadata.

    The concepts in this document are applicable any time strings are used on the Web, either as part of a formalised data structure, but also where they simply originate from JavaScript scripting or any stored list of strings.

    Public comments are welcome, please raise them as github issues.

    Comments Off on First Public Working Draft, “Strings on the Web: Language and Direction Metadata “

    New resource: Short i18n review checklist

    The Short i18n review checklist points developers of specifications to various aspects of a spec that may need internationalization review. It can also be used by spec reviewers, to get an idea of what to look for in a spec.

    Only 12 items long, it follows the format: if the spec or its implementation does X then check Y, and points to the relevant parts of the detailed checklist for more information.

    It’s not exhaustive, but it hits the main topics that regularly arise when spec developers are wondering whether their spec may have internationalization issues. If you have comments or questions, please use the GitHub issue list.

    Working Group Note: Character Model for the World Wide Web: String Matching

    The Internationalization Working Group at the W3C has published a new Working Group Note. Character Model for the World Wide Web: String Matching provides authors of specifications, software developers, and content developers a common reference on string identity matching on the World Wide Web and thereby increase interoperability.

    String identity matching is the process by which a specification or implementation defines whether two string values are the same or different from one another. It describes the ways in which texts that are semantically equivalent can be encoded differently and the impact this has on matching operations important to formal languages. Topics include normalization and case folding.

    One new, one updated article published

    Types of language declaration describes how ‘metadata’ and ‘text-processing’ language declarations differ.

    HTTP headers, meta elements and language information has been updated to read better, and the information that was to become the previously mentioned article was removed.

    Updated article: Character encodings: Essential concepts

    This article introduces a number of basic concepts needed to understand other articles that deal with characters and character encodings.

    The article has been updated with explanations of the terms ‘user-perceived character’, ‘grapheme-cluster’, ‘typographic character unit’, and ‘glyph’, and a warning about the vague use of the term ‘character’.

    Read the article Character encodings: Essential concepts.

    Article published: Approaches to line-breaking

    This article gives a high level summary of various typographic strategies for wrapping text at the end of a line, for a variety of scripts.

    Read the article.

    For 2nd review: Approaches to line breaking

    The article Approaches to line breaking has been significantly revised and is out for another wide review. We are looking for comments by Thursday 2 August.

    This article gives a high level summary of various typographic strategies for wrapping text at the end of a line, for a variety of scripts. It complements the article Approaches to full justification.

    Please send any comments as github issues by clicking on this link, or on “Leave a comment” at the bottom of the article. (This will add some useful information to your comment.)

    W3C launches Internationalization Initiative

    The W3C today launched the Internationalization Initiative to expand core work in further internationalizing the Web. “Supporting the W3C Internationalization Initiative with funding or expertise is a vital way that our Web community creates the future of the global Web,” said Jeff Jaffe, W3C CEO. W3C thanks Alibaba, Apple, Advanced Publishing Lab (Keio University), Monotype, and The Paciello Group who have stepped up as Founding Sponsors. Read about the Sponsorship Program and the press release and testimonials.

    For review: Approaches to line breaking

    The article Approaches to line breaking is out for wide review. We are looking for comments by Wednesday 4 July.

    This article gives a high level summary of various typographic strategies for wrapping text at the end of a line, for a variety of scripts. It complements the article Approaches to full justification.

    Please send any comments as github issues by clicking on this link, or on “Leave a comment” at the bottom of the article. (This will add some useful information to your comment.)

    For last call review: Character Model for the World Wide Web: String Matching

    A final draft of Character Model for the World Wide Web: String Matching is out for wide review. We are looking for comments by Tuesday 29 May.

    This document builds on the document Character Model for the World Wide Web 1.0: Fundamentals to provide authors of specifications, software developers, and content developers with a common reference on string identity matching on the World Wide Web, in order to increase interoperability.

    All comments are welcome. Please raise them as github issues. To make it easier to track comments, please raise separate issues or emails for each comment, and point to the section you are commenting on using a URL.


    Copyright ? 2017 W3C ? (MIT, ERCIM, Keio, Beihang) 电子游戏的作文600字.
    Questions or comments? [email protected]
  •        2019-05-17
  • 为迎香港回归,他用99天徒步走完京九线 2019-05-10
  • 紫光阁中共中央国家机关工作委员会 2019-04-28
  • 列车上旅客晕倒 众人爱心救助 2019-04-27
  • China Fokus Richtungsweisende Zwei Tagungen stellen Weichen für neue ra“ 2019-04-27
  • “高考神助攻”爱心送考公益项目获第十二届人民企业社会责任奖年度案例奖 2019-04-09
  • “花冠模式”演绎鲁酒特色的崛起之道 2019-04-03
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